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Warts of any kind are always a concern because many people consider such a skin formation to be a sign of cancer or parasitic pathologies. Vaginal warts cause much more concern – they cause discomfort, they can infect the sexual partner, they are easy to hook with the underwear. Why are warts formed in vagina? What treatment methods are available? Let’s find this out.
This kind of warts appears when human papillomavirus (HPV) enters the body. Infection occurs from the carrier of the virus during sexual intercourse, through household contact. The virus enters the mucous membranes, and through microcracks enters the bloodstream – warts appear at the sites of its penetration. For a long time, the disease may not manifest itself, but if there are favorable factors, the virus is activated. For some women, the latent period may last for several years.
Provocative factors: bacterial vaginosis, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis; weakening of the protective functions of the body; hypothermia; hormonal imbalance, pregnancy, menopause; surgery, abortion; frequent use of intrauterine contraceptive devices. But the main reason is promiscuous sex, frequent venereal diseases.
Important! Vaginal warts can cause cancer pathologies. Not all types of HPV have oncological activity, only some types of human papillomavirus have increased oncogenicity. To make sure that you don’t have the type that causes risks of the cancer development, it is necessary to undergo an examination.
Genital herpes or vaginal warts women are closely related, as the papillomavirus is a herpes infection. Pathology is characterized not only by the defeat of the mucous membranes, but also by the disruption of the organs of the central nervous system. Vaginal warts are of different configurations – spiky, papillary, flat, warts with internal growth. They have a wide base or thin leg, often reminiscent of cauliflower inflorescences, cockscomb.
They can be located on the mucous membrane of the genitals, in the inguinal and pubic areas. In women, warts are located on the small and large labia, near the anus, in the urethra, the vagina, on the cervix. Pathology may occur without any special signs. A woma may have discomfort only during sexual intercourse. But sometimes more pronounced symptoms appear. Signs of vaginal warts are the following:
- swelling of the skin in the genital area;
- copious discharge with a pungent odor;
- bleeding of unknown etiology, pain.
Vaginal warts in women, together with frequent changes of sexual partners, can cause cervical cancer. Against the background of excessive enthusiasm for alcoholic beverages and cigarettes, the immunity is greatly weakened, which can provoke the appearance of warts in intimate places like vagina. If warts are detected in the genital area, there is an urgent need to visit a doctor to have the complete diagnosis.
After an external examination, the doctor can establish the exact diagnosis, develop an effective treatment regimen. In addition to visual inspection, mandatory methods of diagnosis include PCR analysis, which allows you to determine the type of virus, the degree of oncogenicity. To exclude dysplasia and cervical cancer, take a smear for cytological examination. Additionally, a biopsy is performed, histological analysis to detect the presence of cancer cells. The treatment of genital warts in women is a complicated process because no universal drugs have been invented yet for the complete destruction of the virus. To reduce the activity of the virus, you can use some medications but doctors suggest removing warts.
Important! The effectiveness of drug therapy – 70%, but the risk of relapse is very high. Removal of warts is carried out with the help of special drugs, cauterization, methods of physical exposure. During treatment, it is necessary to take immunomodulators based on interferon – Laferon, Cycloferon.
Effective drugs are:
- Podophilox, Condilox – gel consistency ointments, which should be applied on papillomas for several weeks;
- Imiquimod is a means of enhancing local immunity, has a low irritant effect, relapses after treatment appear in approximately 20% of patients;
- Polyphenone E, Veregen – medicines based on green tea extract.
For physical removal use several methods. With a large accumulation of growths, they are excised with a scalpel. If the warts are small, they are small in size, they can be frozen with liquid nitrogen and burned with high frequency current. Laser removal is used to cauterize papillomas in the urethra, rectum, or vagina — warts are evaporated with a thin laser beam. Modern vaginal warts control method is the radio wave destruction, non-contact effect on neoplasms by high-frequency radio waves.
You can try to get rid of small warts on your own. But natural remedies cannot help to completely get rid of HPV. What can cauterize vaginal warts:
- Celandine juice – the leader among home remedies for the treatment of various kinds of warts. It should be applied to problem areas three times a day.
- Oil mixture – in 5 ml of tea tree oil add 5-7 drops of olive oil. Apply a thin layer of the drug to the tumor, wash off after a quarter of an hour.
- Treat affected areas with castor oil twice a day.
- Lubricate warts with sour apple juice up to 6 times per day. To enhance the effect of home remedies, the genitalia must first be cleaned of dirt, fat, dead cells with oat scrub – chopped oatmeal to be crushed with a small amount of milk, rub into problem areas for 3-4 minutes.
Genital warts are not just a nasty dermatological problem but a serious disease that can cause cancer. It is easy to prevent infections – to avoid casual sexual intercourse, to follow the rules of hygiene, to abandon harmful addictions, to strengthen the protective functions of the body, to wear underwear mainly from natural materials. With the appearance of warts in intimate places, women should consult a doctor as the self-treatment can cause sepsis and severe bleeding.