Papilloma virus is contained in the DNA of every animal, it cannot be completely eradicated. You can only cure warts and thus the immune system will not perceive it as a virus. It is possible to identify this disease using a special blood test. Doctors do not consider the presence of this virus dangerous and often after its detection, don’t do treat it. There is a risk group that is more prone to the appearance of warts, namely: puppies; dogs older than 8-9 years; pets who have undergone surgery or severe stress; animals with latent chronic diseases.
The virus itself can be transmitted from contact with the carrier or from various other diseases. The incubation period is from 1 to 2 months, after which warts can form, as the disease passes into a latent form. Dog warts can appear in different places on the body and have different shapes. They can have a small size and some can reach large sizes in a short period of time.
Do not be afraid of papillomavirus, you just need to cure the animal and take a blood test on your own because it’s possible that HPV is also present in your body.
- How Dangerous Are Warts for a Dog?
- What Are the Types of Dog Warts?
- How to Treat the HPV Virus in Dogs?
- Surgical Removal of Dog Warts
- Treatment and Removal of Dog Warts with Natural Remedies
- Possible Consequences HPV May Cause
- How to Prevent the Negative Influence of Virus?
Warts have different shapes and sizes. Most often, they appear on mucous of dogs. Often, in the first place those parts of the body suffer, where there is thin and delicate skin. It can be:
- the paw (elbow),
- the inside of the thigh,
- the groin,
- the axillae.
If the wart appears on the mucosa – it’s more serious. Especially, a wart in a dog on the lip or in the mouth can be damaged by chewing food or while having active games. This can lead to serious infection.
Veterinarians warn that untimely treatment can cause a transition from the oral cavity of the virus and thereby form warts in the dog on the muzzle, more precisely at the mouth. In these cases, they can appear on the outer and inner parts. The first time they are not visible, so you need to constantly inspect the animal, especially if it was in contact with an infected dog.
Ears of animals are also susceptible to the virus. But on the ears there are a lot of nerve endings, and with the formation of warts the dog can experience itching and discomfort, which is also dangerous because of a possible infection. The danger of scratching and getting the infection into the ear can cause hearing loss in your animal.
In general, the wart size is from 0.1 to 5 mm. However, the wart can go beyond this conditional “gradation”.
- Various combinations of colors from light brown to dark yellow;
- Dense, soft, hard (sometimes coarse).
Dog warts can be ingrown or attached to a leg. The formations that grow on the leg are literally hanging out, and the risk of accidentally ripping them is very large, especially if the wart is on the muzzle or in the oral cavity of the animal. Those warts, which have grown up in the body are dangerous because they can develop into a malignant tumor, or carcinoma. In this case, the size and color does not affect it in any way.
If the this formation has been found in a dog, it is necessary to do a blood test to make sure that there is no possible tumor. To do this, do a scraping and biopsy. Do not trust a doctor who does only an external examination.
What cases is the removal of warts in a dog mandatory:
- if warts or papillomas are located in the mouth and can be damaged while chewing food;
- if formed near the eye and interferes with visual functions;
- if the dog can easily touch the build-up, thereby getting the infection;
- with a possible suspicion of a malignant tumor.
If an animal has a papilloma virus, it is necessary to reduce any contact with people and other animals. Especially if you have children, the dog needs to be isolated in another room. In this case, all family members must also take tests and undergo a survey.
Treatment depends on the nature of the growth, the size and the place where warts appeared. Some small warts can disappear themselves. Warts can be treated medically or with the help of a surgical method.
Medical treatment includes the following:
- injections of novocaine (1 ml per 1 kg of animal weight). For small dogs, one injection can suffice, for large breeds they are made several times, with a break of 3 days;
- injections under the wart base for 0.5 ml of novocaine every 2-3 days;
- injections of drugs that can boost the immune system;
- Preparations: Fosprenil, Gamavit, Maxidin. They should be mixed with novocaine and do one injection intramuscularly. For large breeds of dogs, these procedures are carried out 3-4 times. Warts in the initial stage can be lubricated with iodine, after the procedure it is necessary to cover this place with a tightly bandage.
If the wart is not treatable and it is single, in such cases it is surgically removed. Such a method has a big drawback. When removed, particles of the virus can get into the open wound and provoke the formation of new warts or papillomas at a double speed.
In this case, doctors warn about possible risks and after the operation they observe the animal for 2-3 months. If during this period there are no repeated formations, the wart can be completely removed. In modern medicine, veterinarians use not only scalpels for removal. There are such methods like:
- and diathermocoagulation.
All of them are popular. Also, you can remove warts with cryotherapy. This means that a wart can be frozen and stop the processes of tissue damage. Liquid nitrogen or ice is used for removal on the muzzle, features around the eyes. This method of removing warts is painful enough and requires several procedures. A break of 2-3 weeks is needed.
At home, warts can also be removed using natural methods. One of the radical and not entirely correct methods is the removal of the wart with scissors or thread. This can cause severe infection, bleeding, or other complications. Especially if such a method of removal is carried out by a person without medical education.
With the help of dandelion juice, you can remove warts or papillomas that have recently occurred. In these cases, you can use the plant juice in the summer or buy a concentrate from the pharmacy. To smear with juice, it is necessary until it will darken and will not grow sting. After that, it can be cut. You need to do this in a veterinary clinic. Typically, this procedure for the removal of warts does not take more than a week.
Castor oil with baking soda is used less often, but this method can also save your pet from growths. The use of garlic juice is also a popular method. Old, coarse formations can be removed with acetic acid. Ney grease warts and skin around. Also, for burning out, use various pharmacy ointments, in which benzene is used. Ointment is applied to the affected area and tightly bound with gauze. The wart is cauterized, and the skin is tightened over time.
It is important for dog owners to remember that home treatment can lead to benign formation becoming a malignant tumor. In this case, the body of the animal can often have a variety of rashes and an allergic reaction.
In dogs with weakened immunity, the virus can quickly cause malignant tumors. Dogs of small breeds (artificially bred: chihuahua, Yorkshire terrier, pinscher) suffer from the virus especially often. Some animals become carriers of the virus.
Pets with a strong immune system can pick up the virus and carry it for many years, while warts or papillomas do not appear. With age, the virus can manifest itself as a tumor. The very same wart does not affect the life of the animal, only if it is damaged.
Wound infection is the most common problem. To avoid consequences, a timely request to the vet, which will determine the treatment or prescribe a surgical operation, is required. Natural methods very often eliminate the problem in the early stages, but at the same time, warts occur more often, it follows that such methods can eliminate only the appearance of the virus, and the virus itself will progress in the animal’s body.
Usually, the papillomavirus is mild and does not require additional medical treatment for the animal. Dogs that have already been infected with the virus get immunity, the virus remains in the body, but warts do not appear. If the dog is not cured on time, it becomes a carrier of the virus, it can infect people and other animals that it has been in contact with.
The main preventive method is – increasing the immune system of the animal. To do this, you need a quality balanced diet, the right conditions and moderate loads. Particular attention should be given to puppies and adult dogs, the organism of which is more susceptible to various infections. Also, it is necessary to undergo a timely examination with a doctor, as some breeds are more often sick with warts than others.
Vaccination is one of the methods to avoid the appearance of warts. The timely vaccination helps to reduce the risk of the virus. Such injections can also prevent squamous cell carcinoma of the dog. Any skin disease in a dog can cause serious illness. Most often these are benign formations that do not require surgical intervention. But, for this you need to consult a doctor, and not treat the animal with the help of homemade remedies on your own.
In doing so, do not forget about the proper care and nutrition of the dog. Different reasons can affect the occurrence of warts, but they are easier to prevent and preserve the health of your pet. To avoid complications, you need to undergo a test and vaccinate the dog.